Yuwen Liu, Aixiang Pei, Fan Wang, Yihong Yang, Xuyun Zhang, Hao Wang, Hong-Ning Dai, Lianyong Qi, Rui Ma
International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 2021
Publication year: 2021

Abstract

With the continuous accumulation of users’ check‐in data, we can gradually capture users’ behavior patterns and mine users’ preferences. Based on this, the next point‐of‐interest (POI) recommendation has attracted considerable attention. Its main purpose is to simulate users’ behavior habits of check‐in behavior. Then, different types of context information are used to construct a personalized recommendation model. However, the users’ check‐in data are extremely sparse, which leads to low performance in personalized model training using recurrent neural network. Therefore, we propose a category‐aware gated recurrent unit (GRU) model to mitigate the negative impact of sparse check‐in data, capture long‐range dependence between user check‐ins and get better recommendation results of POI category. We combine the spatiotemporal information of check‐in data and take the POI category as users’ preference to train the model. Also, we develop an attention‐based category‐aware GRU (ATCA‐GRU) model for the next POI category recommendation. The ATCA‐GRU model can selectively utilize the attention mechanism to pay attention to the relevant historical check‐in trajectories in the check‐in sequence. We evaluate ATCA‐GRU using a real‐world data set, named Foursquare. The experimental results indicate that our ATCA‐GRU model outperforms the existing similar methods for next POI recommendation.

@ARTICLE{YLiu:IJIS21,
    author={Yuwen Liu and Aixiang Pei and Fan Wang and Yihong Yang and Xuyun Zhang and Hao Wang Hong-Ning Dai and Lianyong Qi and Rui Ma},
    journal={International Journal of Intelligent Systems}, 
    title={An attention-based category-aware GRU model for the next POI recommendation}, 
    year={2021},
    volume={},
    number={},
    doi={https://doi.org/10.1002/int.22412},
    pages={1-16},
}

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